Grammatik  –  leicht

Nomen (Nouns)

Was sind Nomen/Nouns?

Es sind Wörter, die

Beispiel:                                                                    Englisch:

a)  eine Person/person;                        Vater, Mutter, Kind, Lehrer, John, Mary                 father, mother, child, John, Mary

b)  einen Platz,Ort/ place, location        Stadt, Büro, zuhause, Theater, Mexico                     town, office, home, theater, Mexico

c)  Dinge/things                                        Auto, Musik, Banane, Geld, Liebe, Hund                 car, music, banana, money, love, dog

 

bezeichnen.

Im Englischen unterscheidet man die Nomen nicht nach männlichem, weiblichem oder

neutralem Geschlecht!

(Don’t worry about whether a noun is masculine, femeinine, or neuter.)

Normalerweise setzt man vor das Nomen entweder einen bestimmten Artikel (the)

oder einen unbestimmten Artikel (a, an).

(Normally, a noun is preceded by a definite article (the), or indefinite article (a, an).)

 

ÜBUNG:

Schauen Sie sich die Wörter an! In dieser Liste sind 10 Nomen aufgeführt.

Machen Sie ein checkmark (x) daneben, wenn Sie ein Nomen sehen oder erkennen

(Put a checkmark (x) next to the word if you think it is a noun.)

 

pen                    short                    excellent                    terrible

bathroom         long                     house                          hear

weird                Jack                     breathe                       put

totally               bed                      believe                         near to

accept               chair                    tell                                rained

the                     motorbike          and                               Canada

if                        opposite             table                              underneath

with                   trousers             because                         new

 

Source:  http://www.englishbanana.com

Artikel (Articles)

 

Englische Artikel

 

 

Regeln:

Der Artikel a/an bedeuted ein.

(The article a/an means one.)            →                 I have computer.

Beginnt das Adjektiv, das das Nomen beschreibt oder das Nomen selbst mit einem Vokal (a, e, i, o, u),

dann nutzt man an.

(When the adjective describing the noun / the noun begins with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u), we use an.)

                      This is an expensive model.

    →                  He works as an attorney.

 

The

Den Artikel the nutzt man nur für spezifische Obejekte oder Personen.

(The article the is only used for or with specific things or persons.)

    →                  The plant we bought yesterday needs a lot of water.

                       The head of Human Resources is very friendly

 

Kein Artikel/ No article

Sie nutzen keinen Artikel, wenn Sie über Dinge oder Leute im Allgemeinen sprechen.

(If you are talking about things or people in general no article is used.)

     →                  Smartphones are often used to access websites.

     →                  Children sleep longer than adults.

 

 

Ü B U N G  –  Exercise:

Vervollständigen Sie den Antragsbrief mit den richtigen Artikeln a/an, the, oder keinen Artikel!

(Complete the letter of application using the articles a/an, the or no article!)

 

Re: Vacant Post at HM Customs Office

Dear Mr Rougier,

I am writing to apply for ____ 1 position of Case Handler listed on the UK government jobs website on 7 May.
I understand ___ 2 importance of a functioning customs authority and my experience 
will be an asset to your organization.
I have ___3 degree in Business Management from Hong Kong City University (CityU) 
and several years’ experience managing imports into Hong Kong. 
My tasks there included keeping detailed records of ____ 4 imported goods, 
checking compliance with ____ 5 Hong Kong SAR rules and standards, 
assisting the head of department in adapting import rules and communicating with Chinese, 
Indian, Pakistani and other Asian tax authorities in Chinese and English.
I would be glad to take on a new challenge working for HM Customs and 
I am confident I can be an enrichment for ____ 6 task force dealing with imports from mainland China, 
Hong Kong SAR and Taiwan.
Thank you for your consideration.
Donald Tsang


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